What is the Montessori Method?
The Montessori Method is an educational approach that is based on the research and experiences of Maria Montessori (1870–1952), an Italian physician and educator. Montessori classrooms are carefully planned “prepared environments” in which children are engaged in hands-on learning activities. It arose essentially from Dr. Montessori’s discovery of what she referred to as “the child’s true normal nature” in 1907, which happened in the process of her experimental observation of young children given freedom in an environment prepared with materials designed for their self-directed learning activity.
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Difference With Traditional classroom
In traditional classroom, where all the students of the same age, sitting on the benches, lined in rows. It is presumed that each child, regardless of his/her uniqueness in interests and aptitude, should learn the exact same thing, at the same rate, at the same time. The teacher teaches by giving information and assigning related tasks.
A student in a Montessori classroom is provided with the opportunity to discover through hands-on learning in a well-prepared environment, with scientifically developed learning materials. This approach naturally rouses a life-long love for learning. The Montessori method also clearly values the advantage of the interaction between the younger and older child—allowing for the development of cooperative social and academic skills.
In comparison to a traditional school, Montessori focuses on the development of a variety of skills that will be of great value throughout the child’s life. Exposing children to practical life skills work, multi-sensory activities and cognitive development, Montessori fosters a well-rounded and self-confident child.
Montessori approach has benefited children with a wide range of abilities because it allows children to actively participate in their own development, at their own pace.
Maria Montessori, a scientist herself, spent countless hours observing children and discovering how and why they learn. She discovered that children, regardless of individual strengths and challenges, need their own time to master academic, motor and social skills, rather than being referred to as “ahead” or “behind” anyone else. This unique approach ensures that Montessori is right for every child.